Saturday, December 28, 2013

Transactions in WCF

In my previous post i explained, Interview question and few details on WCF. Now in this article i will explain how WCF Transaction protocol.

Transaction is an important factor in any business application which contain CRUD operations. Here in WCF we have TransactionScope class which basically manages the transaction and also detech the transaction scope.

for ex. If your calling multiple methods and if any of method fails, then entire transaction will be rolled back unless its outside boundary of Scope.
WCF supports transaction on below bindings.
1.  WSHttpBinding
2.  WSFederationHttpBinding
3.  NetNamedPipeBinding
4.  NetTcpBinding
5.  WSDualHttpBinding

You need to specify the TransactionFlow attribute on all the contracts where it required transaction to be handled. where we have to specified that transaction are allowed for this specific method by assigning enum as 'TransactionFlowOption.Allowed'  


public interface IUserDetails




    public void DeleteUserData();   


    public void UpdateUserData();   


there are following option present in TransactionFlow attribute.
TransactionFlowOption.Allowed :Transaction can be flowed.
TransactionFlowOption.NotAllowed: Transaction should not be flowed. This is default.
TransactionFlowOption.Mandatory: Transaction must be flowed.

Now implementing 'TransactionScopeRequired' attribute on specific method.

[OperationBehavior(TransactionScopeRequired = true)]
public void UpdateUserData()
  // database call goes here.

Once the scope assing, the last process will be enabling the transaction flow in config file.

Now consume the service by calling the UpdateUserData method and assign the scope block which check if the transaction method fails, if so then it will automatically rollback it.

using (TransactionScope Transcope = new TransactionScope())
   clientVal = new Services.UserDetailsService.UserDetailsServiceClient();

   // code goes here to call method and assing the value.
catch (Exception ex)


I know this will helps to understand the concepts of transaction in WCF , if you have any query or suggestion please put your comments to know more.

Saturday, December 21, 2013

Change schema name of tables, store procedure, views and functions

Today i come across one situation where i need to changes my current SQL schema to some other name. due to client i searched few article and decided to write one article on same

Below query will returns list of all tables along with the schema name from your database.


If you want to add new schema you need to add that into sys.schemas table then only it will be accessible else it will give an error message as 

 Cannot alter the schema 'xxx', because it does not exist or you do not have permission.

IF (NOT EXISTS (SELECT * FROM sys.schemas WHERE name = 'Excprod'))

You can also view list of schema from below query and you will find new schema "Excprod" get added.

SELECT * FROM sys.schemas

Now, below query used to alter the scheme tables


You may also alter the schema for store procedure as well. to find the list of all store procedures from your
database just use.

select * from information_schema.routines
where routine_type = 'PROCEDURE'

below query will generate the select statement for all list of sp

Result will be :

ALTER SCHEMA Excprod TRANSFER synprod.Usp_Response
ALTER SCHEMA Excprod TRANSFER synprod.Usp_Request

To view list of view from database use this

SELECT * FROM information_schema.VIEWS

Please comment if you want more details on this.

Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Interview questions on WCF

Today i would like to share something about WCF, This is my first post on Windows Communication Foundation (WCF). since last 1 year i worked on WCF, so i would like to share my experience/points with you.
First will see what exactly mean by WCF . It's Microsoft programming model which helps for building service-oriented application. where we can send/ received the data asynchronously. service endpoint is the main channel where client can request data.

It has very good features :

1. Extensibility
2. Interoperability
3. Data Contracts
4. Security
5. Transactions
6. AJAX and REST Support
You may refer more about wcf here
Below interview question helps you to know more about WCF.
1.How session management worked in WCF?
answer - WCF manage the session by instanciating the service class. It basically used the Instance Context class to manage the server side at server side. you can refer more about Session management in WCF.

2. Is overloading possible in WCF? and How?
Yes method overloading is possbile in WCF. But yes it will raise the error as contract mismatch during method overload.
By providing the unique operationcontract name you can resolved that issue. It has Name property which expose the wcf method to schemas.
Look at the below example.

public interface ICalculate

    string methodName(int x,int y);

    [OperationContract(Name = "DISPLAY")]
    string methodName(string val1, string val2);
all the method get called by their attribute name and parameter value. 
for ex
ClientApp client = new ClientApp();
string method1 = client.methodName(1, 1);

string method2 = client.methodName("sample1", "sample2"); to track no of visit to your service.
WCF has very good feature which enable us to manage the service call. with the help of this you can easily track the count. extension point is used.

4. list types of binding and have you worked on netMsmqBinding or netNamedPipeBinding ?
If you know more unique questions, please do share it.