Saturday, December 28, 2013

Transactions in WCF

In my previous post i explained, Interview question and few details on WCF. Now in this article i will explain how WCF Transaction protocol.

Transaction is an important factor in any business application which contain CRUD operations. Here in WCF we have TransactionScope class which basically manages the transaction and also detech the transaction scope.

for ex. If your calling multiple methods and if any of method fails, then entire transaction will be rolled back unless its outside boundary of Scope.
WCF supports transaction on below bindings.
1.  WSHttpBinding
2.  WSFederationHttpBinding
3.  NetNamedPipeBinding
4.  NetTcpBinding
5.  WSDualHttpBinding

You need to specify the TransactionFlow attribute on all the contracts where it required transaction to be handled. where we have to specified that transaction are allowed for this specific method by assigning enum as 'TransactionFlowOption.Allowed'  


public interface IUserDetails




    public void DeleteUserData();   


    public void UpdateUserData();   


there are following option present in TransactionFlow attribute.
TransactionFlowOption.Allowed :Transaction can be flowed.
TransactionFlowOption.NotAllowed: Transaction should not be flowed. This is default.
TransactionFlowOption.Mandatory: Transaction must be flowed.

Now implementing 'TransactionScopeRequired' attribute on specific method.

[OperationBehavior(TransactionScopeRequired = true)]
public void UpdateUserData()
  // database call goes here.

Once the scope assing, the last process will be enabling the transaction flow in config file.

Now consume the service by calling the UpdateUserData method and assign the scope block which check if the transaction method fails, if so then it will automatically rollback it.

using (TransactionScope Transcope = new TransactionScope())
   clientVal = new Services.UserDetailsService.UserDetailsServiceClient();

   // code goes here to call method and assing the value.
catch (Exception ex)


I know this will helps to understand the concepts of transaction in WCF , if you have any query or suggestion please put your comments to know more.

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